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What is Equity Mutual Fund?

Equity Mutual Fund

An Equity Mutual Fund, most commonly known as the stock fund is a fund that invests in the shares of an enterprise.  Unlike debt fund, these funds invest largely in equity share and equity related investment. The objective of investment in such fund is to get capital gain through investment in growth asset.

Advantages of Equity Mutual Funds

The main advantages of equity mutual funds are

Disadvantages of Equity Mutual Funds

The main disadvantages of equity mutual funds are

  • The dividend is neither fixed nor controllable by you.
  • It is risky investment compared to debt funds.
  • No control over cost. The fluctuation in Market Price can sometimes lead to loss.
  • An equity investor has no powers to impact decision of the company using the voting rights.
  • Lack of portfolio customization
  • Choice overload

Types of Equity Funds

Diversified Equity Fund

Diversified equity fund is that category of funds that invest in a different types of securities in different sectors.

Index fund

An index fund buys and sells securities in the same manner as the composition of the index selected. The fund manager tracks the underlying index’s performance therefore an index fund has low management costs than other types of funds.

Growth fund

A growth fund invests in the shares of rapidly growing companies. Growth funds focus on generating capital gains rather than income.

Value fund

Value Fund is a fund that invests in “value” stocks. The stock of a company is called as value stocks usually when they are older and pay good dividends.

Sector fund

Sector funds invest only in a specific sector.

Thematic funds

Thematic funds invest keeping in mind a certain investment theme. For instance, an infrastructure fund will invest in shares of those enterprises that work in the infrastructure development such as infrastructure construction, cement, steel, power etc. The investment is thus more broad-based than a sector fund.

Income fund

An equity income fund focuses on current income rather than growth.

Rajiv Gandhi equity saving scheme (RGESS)

Rajiv Gandhi Equity Saving Scheme (RGESS) offers tax benefits to the first time investor. There is a fixed lock in period of one year and flexible lock in period of two years.

Equity Linked Saving Scheme (ELSS)

This scheme offers tax benefits to the investors.  In Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) the investment has the lock in period of three years.

Arbitrage Funds

Arbitrage funds take opposite position in different markets, such that the risk is reduced to zero, but a good return is earned. For example, by buying shares in BSE, and simultaneously selling the same share in NSE at a higher price.


To invest in the mutual funds might appear risky but with the knowledge and insight of the available scheme could help you in making a wiser investment decision.

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Swati Negi is a Senior officer of ICICI Bank. She is a post graduate in Finance and Banking operations. Swati is an enthusiastic writer and has been writing for various websites, magazines and newspapers. Her forte is financial blogs.


  1. Thanks for such an informative article Swati !!!! This article sums up every side of the Equity Mutual Funds.Be it benefits or be it types of the Funds.I did not know that so many types of Equity Mutual funds actually exist.Now that I know every thing about Equity Mutual Funds , can actually go on to invest in them for better rewards.

  2. All the points are mention in very good manner …nice job swati. Even I was unaware of so many types of equity mutual funds being in bank myself…. So many point are clarified ….ill definitely share it with my customers

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